Product name:Brass decoration (rose)
Application: Decoration for Tombstone ,cemetery or others.
Manufacturer: Sumer International (Beijing) Trading Co.,Ltd
Material: Brass (Copper alloy)
Color /finishing:electrophoretic paint
Professionally engaged in funeral field over 10 years;
Customized products acceptable;
Good quality and competitive price;
Brass making in Renaissance and post-medieval Europe
The Renaissance saw important changes to both the theory and practice of brassmaking in Europe. By the 15th century there is evidence for the renewed use of lidded cementation crucibles at Zwickau in Germany.These large crucibles were capable of producing c.20 kg of brass.There are traces of slag and pieces of metal on the interior. Their irregular composition suggesting that this was a lower temperature not entirely liquid process. The crucible lids had small holes which were blocked with clay plugs near the end of the process presumably to maximise zinc absorption in the final stages.Triangular crucibles were then used to melt the brass for casting.
16th-century technical writers such as Biringuccio, Ercker and Agricola described a variety of cementation brass making techniques and came closer to understanding the true nature of the process noting that copper became heavier as it changed to brass and that it became more golden as additional calamine was added.Zinc metal was also becoming more commonplace By 1513 metallic zinc ingots from India and China were arriving in London and pellets of zinc condensed in furnace flues at the Rammelsberg in Germany were exploited for cementation brass making from around 1550.
Eventually it was discovered that metallic zinc could be alloyed with copper to make brass; a process known as speltering and by 1657 the German chemist Johann Glauber had recognised that calamine was "nothing else but unmeltable zinc" and that zinc was a "half ripe metal."However some earlier high zinc, low iron brasses such as the 1530 Wightman brass memorial plaque from England may have been made by alloying copper with zinc and include traces of cadmium similar those found in some zinc ingots from China.
Colours of Brass
Brasses have a range of attractive colours,red, yellow, gold, brown, bronze, silver. Brass with 1% manganese will weather to a chocolate brown colour. Nickel silvers will polish to a brilliant silver colour. Brasses are easy to shape and, with all these colours available, it is not surprising that architects and designers have used brasses to enhance the appearance of new and refurbished buildings, both inside and out.
|Appearance||red-orange metallic luster|
|Atomic number (Z)||29|
|Group, period||group 11, period 4|
|Element category||transition metal|
|Standard atomic weight (Ar)||63.546(3)|
|Electron configuration||[Ar] 3d10 4s1|
|Electrons per shell||2, 8, 18, 1|
|Melting point||1357.77 K (1084.62 °C, 1984.32 °F)|
|Boiling point||2835 K (2562 °C, 4643 °F)|
|Density near r.t.||8.96 g/cm3|
|when liquid, at m.p.||8.02 g/cm3|
|Heat of fusion||13.26 kJ/mol|
|Heat of vaporization||300.4 kJ/mol|
|Molar heat capacity||24.440 J/(mol·K)|
|Contact Person :||Ms. Helen Ren|